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Blepharitis (blef-uh-RI-tis) affects the skin of the eyelids, and it usually involves the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow (lid margins). Commonly, blepharitis occurs when tiny oil glands located near the base of the eyelashes malfunction. When these oil glands malfunction, bacterial overgrowth can result, leading to inflamed, irritated and itchy eyelids. Blepharitis is often a chronic condition that is difficult to treat. Although it's uncomfortable and may be unattractive, blepharitis rarely causes permanent damage to eyesight.
Blepharitis can be difficult to treat. Good hygiene — regular cleaning of the area — can control signs and symptoms and prevent complications. But if your condition doesn't improve, we may prescribe an antibiotic cream or ointment. In some cases, eyedrops containing antibiotics and steroids may be prescribed. If your blepharitis is linked to an underlying cause such as dandruff or rosacea, treating those conditions may alleviate the blepharitis.
Blepharitis rarely disappears completely. Even with successful treatment, relapses are common. Paying extra attention to good hygiene at those times may help bring the condition back under control.
This can be combined with laser resurfacing to further rejuvenate the area.